Discover Constellation's fundamentals and latest news.

This content was generated by Whalee (BETA), an AI crypto assitant that analyses cryptocurrencies. Informations can be incomplete and/or erroneous. Please always double check and DYOR.

What is Constellation?

Constellation (DAG) is a decentralized network that leverages a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) structure to enable fast, secure, and scalable data management and transactions. It operates without fees and supports cross-chain interoperability, allowing for seamless communication between different nodes and state channels. The network is powered by its native cryptocurrency, DAG, which facilitates transactions and ensures the components of the network remain connected.

How is Constellation used?

Constellation Network (DAG) is a decentralized network that utilizes Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) technology to facilitate high-speed, scalable transactions. It is designed to address the scalability and centralization issues inherent in traditional blockchains. Here's how DAG is used:

  1. Transaction Validation: DAG technology allows for parallel processing of transactions, making it faster and more secure as the network grows. Each new transaction validates one or more previous transactions, increasing the validation speed and security.

  2. Scalability: DAG's non-linear structure enables horizontal scalability, allowing the network to handle high volumes of data and transactions efficiently. This makes it well-suited for real-world applications that require fast and secure data processing.

  3. Energy Efficiency: Unlike traditional blockchains, DAGs require less computational power, making them more energy-efficient. This is because they do not rely on traditional mining for transaction validation.

  1. Native Token: DAG is the native utility token of Constellation Network, used to underwrite all projects connected to the Hypergraph. It provides liquidity and secures network utility by incentivizing validator nodes with DAG tokens.

  2. Hypergraph Network: The Hypergraph Network is a zero-fee decentralized network used for transaction validation. It is divided into nodes, which can send transactions to multiple nodes, spreading them across the network. The network uses a reputation-based consensus mechanism called Proof of Reputable Observation (PRO).

  3. Metagraphs: Metagraphs are project networks built on top of the Hypergraph, supporting custom data types and distributed applications. They are maintained and secured by validator nodes orchestrated by the PRO consensus mechanism.

  1. Network Layers: The network consists of layers, including Global L0, Metagraph L0, and Metagraph L1. Each layer serves a unique purpose, such as validating and storing metagraph data, enabling cross-chain interoperability, and performing consensus.

  2. Real-World Applications: DAG technology has various real-world applications, including tracking foot traffic, providing critical data for businesses, and supporting decentralized finance (DeFi) applications.

Overall, Constellation Network leverages DAG technology to create a scalable, secure, and efficient platform for building decentralized applications and handling high volumes of data and transactions.

How do I store Constellation?

To store Constellation (DAG) tokens, you can use the Stargazer wallet, which is available as a Chrome extension and on mobile devices for iOS and Android. This wallet supports multiple chains, including Constellation and Ethereum. Additionally, Bitfi is a hardware wallet that supports DAG and integrates with the Stargazer Chrome extension. Molly Wallet is another option, although it is no longer receiving updates or enhancements. It is recommended to download the Stargazer wallet directly from the Constellation website to ensure compatibility and security.

How to buy Constellation?

To buy Constellation (DAG) tokens, follow these steps:

  1. Choose an Exchange: Select a reputable cryptocurrency exchange that supports DAG trading, such as Uphold, KuCoin,, MEXC, or Kriptomat. Ensure the exchange is available in your region and compliant with local regulations.

  2. Create an Account: Register on the chosen exchange's website or mobile app. Verify your email address and identity, which typically involves providing photo identification and other personal details.

  3. Deposit Funds: Add funds to your exchange account using a debit card, credit card, wire transfer, or other supported payment methods. Some exchanges also allow the purchase of stablecoins like USDT, which can then be used to buy DAG.

  1. Buy DAG: Use your deposited funds to purchase DAG tokens. This can be done directly through the exchange's platform, often with a simple and intuitive interface.

Additionally, some exchanges offer peer-to-peer trading services, which allow you to buy DAG directly from other users. These services often provide added security measures, such as escrow protection.

Before making a purchase, ensure you understand the fees and risks associated with trading cryptocurrencies. It is also essential to research the exchange's reputation and security measures to protect your funds and personal information.

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History of Constellation

Constellation (DAG) is a decentralized network and cryptocurrency that utilizes Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) technology for high-speed, scalable transactions. The project was established in 2017 by a visionary team aiming to address the scalability and centralization issues plaguing existing blockchains. The founders, including Benjamin Jorgensen, Benjamin Diggles, Mathias Goldmann, Wyatt Meldman-Floch, and Altif Brown, set out to create a platform that could securely process big data and seamlessly connect with external datasets through APIs.

By April 2018, Constellation's roadmap was unveiled, highlighting its commitment to creating a decentralized platform that could handle the demands of modern applications. The focus was on reducing transaction costs and fostering new value propositions to broaden the user base, positioning Constellation for significant impact within the decentralized sector.

In 2021, Constellation fulfilled almost all of its targets mentioned in its roadmap. These included launching new tokenomics, state channels, Dag Terminal, Stargazer Wallet with multi-chain support, Lattice Exchange, Constellation Incubator, and Data marketplace. A major milestone was the launch of the Lattice Exchange, a decentralized exchange (DEX) that seeks to support cross-chain swaps and a broad range of Decentralized Finance (DeFi) applications.

The DAG coin, the native cryptocurrency of the Constellation Network, has a fixed supply and operates on the Hypergraph network. It plays a crucial role in securing throughput on the network, earning validator rewards, and purchasing validated data sets. The tokenization of data could one day allow data packages to be traded and sold like commodities.

The DAG coin price history shows that it initially traded at over $0.033 in June 2018. It remained below $0.035 for more than three years before experiencing a significant price uptrend in April and May 2021, possibly due to the 2021 Bitcoin boom. The coin reached its all-time high of $0.46 on August 26, 2021, after the US Air Force announced that it would employ Constellation’s data security solution. Since then, DAG’s price has steadily remained above $0.10, with a market capitalization of over $212 million.

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How Constellation works

Constellation (DAG) is a decentralized network and cryptocurrency that leverages Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) technology to achieve high-speed, scalable transactions. Here's a detailed overview of how it works:

DAG Structure

Unlike traditional blockchains, which organize transactions into blocks and follow a linear sequence, a DAG is a graph structure where each transaction is directly linked to one or more previous transactions. This structure resembles a web or network, allowing for parallel processing and significantly increasing transaction speed and scalability.

Transaction Validation

In a DAG, each new transaction validates one or more previous transactions. This means that the more transactions added to the network, the faster and more secure the validation process becomes. This approach also reduces the energy required for transaction validation, making it more energy-efficient compared to traditional mining methods.

Consensus Mechanism

Constellation uses a novel consensus mechanism called Proof of Reputable Observation (PRO), which ensures that faulty data and threat vectors are immediately identified and prevented from manipulating sensitive information. This consensus mechanism is integrated with the DAG architecture to scale indefinitely by adding nodes to the network.

Hypergraph Architecture

Constellation's Hypergraph Architecture is a decentralized protocol comprising numerous independent networks known as metagraphs. These metagraphs operate atop the Hypergraph, validating and processing data according to specific internal business logic and custom consensus mechanisms. Once processed, these metagraphs submit their state as snapshots to the global Layer 0 (L0) network, which performs the final validation before incorporating the snapshot into the ledger.

State Channels and Hybrid Nodes

State Channel operators can earn rewards by licensing their channel's data as a subscription fee or creating varying forms of payment access protocols. Hybrid nodes provide cross-chain liquidity, improving the overall user experience, and serve a vital role in network adoption. They offer adaptability to adjust to different types of applications.


The DAG token is the main utility token for the Constellation platform. It provides a seamless exchange of data from state channels and can be used to send value freely. Users can secure DAG as rewards for operating as nodes, staking, or farming.

Mainnet 2.0 Upgrade

Constellation is currently focused on the Mainnet 2.0 upgrade, which aims to enhance transaction speed, scalability, and efficiency. This upgrade is divided into three phases and is set to launch in the second quarter of 2022.

Security and Partnerships

Constellation has partnered with notable entities like Amazon Web Services and the United States Air Force, demonstrating its potential for real-world applications. The network's distributed security infrastructure, which includes servers dispersed globally, mitigates the risk of cyberattacks geared towards centralized servers.

Lattice Exchange and Cross-Chain Swaps

Constellation's Lattice Exchange is a decentralized exchange (DEX) that supports cross-chain swaps and a broad range of Decentralized Finance (DeFi) applications. The exchange operates on the DAG network, leveraging the Hypergraph technology to securely transfer data and reduce fees.

Staking and Node Operations

Node operators can decide where to point their nodes, earning rewards from various state channels or the main chain validation. This incentivizes node operators to participate in the network, ensuring its continued growth and security.

Overall, Constellation (DAG) represents a pioneering approach in blockchain technology, addressing scalability and efficiency issues through its innovative DAG structure and Hypergraph Architecture.

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Constellation's strengths

Constellation (DAG) has several strengths that set it apart from traditional blockchain networks:

  1. Scalability: DAG's use of a Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) structure allows it to process transactions more rapidly and efficiently, making it well-suited for handling high volumes of data and transactions. This structure enables parallel processing, which significantly increases transaction speed and scalability.

  2. Security: DAG's decentralized architecture ensures that no single node can control or manipulate the data stored on the chain, providing improved security compared to traditional proof-of-work models.

  3. Energy Efficiency: Unlike traditional blockchains, DAGs typically require less computational power, making them more energy-efficient.

  1. Infinite Scalability: As more users and devices join the network, the speed of the network also increases, allowing for infinite scalability.

  2. No Commissions: Basic users don’t have to pay for the speed, security, and L0 consensus that Constellation, Hypergraph, and the HGTP protocol provide.

  3. Digital Currency Wrapping: DAG provides liquidity for cross-chain ecosystems on the Hypergraph network, enhancing its utility.

These strengths collectively make Constellation (DAG) a versatile platform for developing distributed applications and a key player in the evolution of blockchain infrastructure.

Constellation's risks

Constellation (DAG) carries several risks that investors should be aware of:

  1. Volatility and Liquidity Risks: DAG's price can fluctuate significantly, and liquidity issues may make it difficult to buy or sell the token quickly enough or at a favorable price.

  2. Short History Risk: As a relatively new company, Constellation lacks a long history of operations, which can make it harder to assess its long-term viability.

  3. Demand Risk: The success of DAG depends on its adoption by governments, enterprises, and projects. If adoption is slow, the token's value may not increase as expected.

  1. Forking Risk: The possibility of a hard fork in the Constellation network could lead to a split in the community and negatively impact the token's value.

  2. Code Defects: Any defects or vulnerabilities in the code could compromise the security of the network and the value of DAG.

  3. Regulatory Risk: Changes in laws or regulations could negatively impact the use, transfer, exchange, or value of DAG.

  1. Electronic Trading Risk: Technical issues with trading platforms or exchanges could disrupt DAG trading and impact its value.

  2. Cybersecurity Risk: The network is susceptible to hacking and other cybersecurity threats, which could compromise the integrity of the network and the value of DAG.

  3. Market Competition: DAG faces competition from other DAG-based projects, which could potentially eclipse Constellation if they have better marketing, timing, or technology.

  1. Government Contract Expiration: If the contract with the research branch of the DOD expires and is not renewed, it could negatively impact DAG's value.

  2. Lack of Decentralization: If the project is not decentralized enough, it may not be able to continue on its own if the core team leaves or loses interest.

  3. High Risk Score: According to InvestorsObserver, DAG has a high risk score, indicating that it is a high-risk investment.

These risks highlight the importance of thorough research and careful consideration before investing in Constellation (DAG).

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Did Constellation raise funds?

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Constellation’s team

  • Brendan Playford: Co-Founder and CEO of Constellation Labs.
  • Benjamin Jorgensen: Co-Founder, CEO of Constellation Network, and COO.
  • Zac Russel: Head of Marketing.
  • Alan: Team member with over 25 years of experience in large, global 1000 corporations.

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The fundamental analysis assistant for crypto value investors.

Constellation NEWS REPORT

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