MAP Protocol


Discover MAP Protocol's fundamentals and latest news.

This content was generated by Whalee (BETA), an AI crypto assitant that analyses cryptocurrencies. Informations can be incomplete and/or erroneous. Please always double check and DYOR.

What is MAP Protocol?

The MAP Protocol (MAPO) is a Bitcoin layer-2 and peer-to-peer omnichain infrastructure built upon light clients and zero-knowledge (ZK) technology. It focuses on cross-chain interoperability, enabling the seamless transfer of assets, storage, and computing across different blockchain networks without relying on trusted third-party entities. MAPO is the native cryptocurrency used to pay network fees and incentivize validators to secure the network.

How is MAP Protocol used?

The cryptocurrency MAPO is the native token of MAP Protocol, a Bitcoin layer-2 and peer-to-peer omnichain network. It serves several purposes within the network:

  1. Transaction Fees: When users send MAPO or use an app on MAP Protocol, they pay a fee in MAPO. This fee incentivizes block producers to process and verify their activities on the network.

  2. Validator Incentives: Validators, who are responsible for checking and ensuring the validity of transactions, are rewarded with a small amount of MAPO for their work. Validators must stake a certain amount of MAPO to secure the network and earn rewards.

  3. Staking: Users can earn MAPO by staking their tokens. This involves running a validator node or voting for validators of their choice. Staking helps secure the network and rewards users with additional MAPO.

  1. Decentralized Applications: MAPO can be used to build decentralized applications (dApps) on the MAP Relay Chain. Developers can create complex dApps using MAPO, leveraging the network's programmable nature.

  2. Cross-Chain Interoperability: MAPO facilitates cross-chain transactions and interactions between different blockchain-based assets, storage, and computing. This enables seamless communication and exchange across various chains.

  3. Trading and Storage: MAPO can be traded on decentralized and centralized exchanges, and users can store it in various wallets, including cold wallets for long-term storage.

Overall, MAPO is the central token that powers the MAP Protocol ecosystem, enabling transactions, incentivizing validators, and facilitating the development of decentralized applications and cross-chain interactions.

How do I store MAP Protocol?

To store MAP Protocol (MAPO) tokens, you can use various digital wallets that support the token. Here are the steps to add and manage MAPO tokens in different wallets:

Using Metamask
  1. On Ethereum Mainnet:

    • Open Metamask and click "Import tokens."
    • Select "Custom token."
    • Enter the contract address: 0x9e976f211daea0d652912ab99b0dc21a7fd728e4.
    • Add the token symbol as "MAP."
    • Click "Import" to complete the process.
  2. On BNB Chain:

    • Open Metamask and click "Import tokens."
    • Select "Custom token."
    • Enter the contract address: 0x8105ece4ce08b6b6449539a5db23e23b973dfa8f.
    • Add the token symbol as "MAP."
    • Change the network to Bsc Mainnet.
    • Click "Import" to complete the process.
Using Trust Wallet
  1. On Ethereum Mainnet:

    • Follow the same steps as for Metamask, using the Ethereum contract address.
  2. On BNB Chain:

    • Follow the same steps as for Metamask, using the BNB Chain contract address.
Transferring MAPO to Exchanges
  1. Using MAPO Bridge:
    • Transfer MAPO from the MAP Mainnet to Ethereum Mainnet or BNB Chain using the MAPO bridge.
    • Ensure the exchange address matches the network you are transferring to.
Staking MAPO
  1. Preparation:

    • Ensure you have MAPO in your wallet.
    • Go to the Staking Page and connect your wallet.
  2. Locking MAPO:

    • Lock the desired amount of MAPO for staking.
    • Select the validator(s) to delegate your MAPO to.
  3. Delegating MAPO:

  • Review validator performance before delegating your MAPO.
  • Pay a small amount of MAPO as gas fees for delegation.

By following these steps, you can securely store and manage your MAPO tokens across different networks and wallets.

How to buy MAP Protocol?

To buy MAP Protocol (MAPO) tokens, follow these steps:

  1. Choose an Exchange: You can purchase MAPO on various centralized exchanges such as Kucoin, Bitget,, Bithumb, Coinone, and MEXC Global.

  2. Create an Account: Register an account on the chosen exchange's official website or app. Ensure you have a compatible crypto wallet to store your MAPO tokens.

  3. Fund Your Account: Deposit funds into your exchange account using a payment method accepted by the exchange. This can include traditional currencies, cryptocurrencies, or other payment options.

  1. Search for MAPO: Navigate to the spot trading section and search for the MAPO token. Select the desired trading pair, such as MAPO/USDT or MAPO/BTC.

  2. Place an Order: Choose the type of order you want to place, either a limit order or a market order. A limit order allows you to specify the price you want to buy at, while a market order executes the trade at the current market price.

  3. Transfer to Your Wallet: Once the order is executed, transfer the MAPO tokens to your wallet. Ensure your wallet supports MAPO tokens and is connected to the Map Protocol ecosystem.

  1. Bridge to Map Protocol: If you purchased MAPO on a different chain, bridge it to the Map Protocol using the bridge service provided by Map Protocol.

After completing these steps, you can use your MAPO tokens within the Map Protocol ecosystem for various activities such as staking, swapping, and governance.

MAP Protocol
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History of MAP Protocol

The history of MAP Protocol (MAPO) began in the summer of 2019 when the MAP Protocol team was founded. The team consisted of senior blockchain research experts, experienced smart contract developers, and bottom-layer blockchain engineering experts. Their mission was to construct a cross-chain peer-to-peer e-cash payment system infrastructure, adhering to Satoshi Nakamoto's doctrine of blockchain technology.

Early Development

In Q4 2020, MAP Protocol v1.0 was released, which was a cross-chain solution with light-client verification and without a relay chain. This version was developed after an in-depth study of Cosmos and Polkadot, and it included a Relayer for transferring cross-chain messages and a Light-client for providing cross-chain verification finality without a relay chain. However, the light-client verification mechanism faced significant challenges and high gas fees when dealing with heterogeneous chains, making it theoretically applicable but not practical.


In 2021, MAP Protocol v2.0 was developed, which introduced a relay chain. This version marked a significant milestone as it became the final generation of cross-chain infrastructure for all crypto communities. The MAP Protocol v2.0 included the MAP Relay Chain, which addressed the limitations of the previous version and provided a more comprehensive and efficient cross-chain solution.

Current Status

Today, MAP Protocol stands as a beacon in the realm of Bitcoin Layer 2 solutions, exemplifying the potential of peer-to-peer, trustless cross-chain networks. Its innovative architecture, coupled with the MAPO token, fosters a new era of interoperability and functionality within the blockchain space. The MAP Protocol continues to evolve, focusing on completing connections with active EVM-compatible and heterogeneous chains in the market and supporting new, rising blockchains in the future.


The native utility token of MAP Protocol, MAPO, plays a pivotal role in the ecosystem. Holders of MAPO can pay transaction fees, stake their tokens for network security, and participate in the consensus mechanism. Validators receive rewards in the form of MAPO tokens for contributing to the consensus mechanism, ensuring the continued operations and security of the MAP Protocol ecosystem. The total supply of MAPO tokens is 10 billion, with a strategic token allocation plan designed to incentivize various key aspects of MAP Protocol's network functionality.

MAP Protocol
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How MAP Protocol works

MAP Protocol (MAPO) is a Bitcoin layer-2 and peer-to-peer omnichain infrastructure designed to enhance cross-chain interoperability within the blockchain ecosystem. It focuses on providing a seamless and secure way for different blockchain-based assets, storage, and computing to interact with each other across various chains, including both EVM and non-EVM chains.

Key Components
  1. Light Clients and ZK Technology:

    • MAP Protocol leverages light clients and ZK (Zero-Knowledge) technology to ensure the security and efficiency of cross-chain transactions. This technology allows for peer-to-peer verification without relying on trusted third parties, making the process more secure and decentralized.
  2. Omnichain Infrastructure:

    • The protocol provides an omnichain infrastructure that enables interoperability among different blockchain assets, storage, and computing. This infrastructure is structured into three layers: the Protocol Layer, the MAP Omnichain Service Layer (MOS), and the Application Layer.
  3. MAP Relay Chain:

  • The MAP Relay Chain is a critical component that ensures the security of the network by utilizing the security mechanisms of the Bitcoin network. It prevents long-range attacks by writing all related information, such as epochs and PoS consensus, into Bitcoin blocks as transactions.
  1. Peer-to-Peer Cross-Chain Interoperability:

    • MAP Protocol achieves peer-to-peer cross-chain interoperability without relying on any privileged third parties. When a cross-chain request occurs on the source chain, it is transmitted by off-chain roles to the target chain, and light clients deployed on the source chain verify the validity of the cross-chain requests in a peer-to-peer manner.
  2. Native Cryptocurrency (MAPO):

    • MAPO is the native cryptocurrency of MAP Protocol. It is used to pay fees for transactions and interactions on the network, serving as an incentive for block producers to process and verify activities.
  • Cross-Chain Transactions:
    MAP Protocol enables seamless cross-chain transactions between Bitcoin L1 and L2, as well as between other public chains and the Bitcoin network, using the BRC201 protocol.

  • Decentralized Applications (dApps):
    Developers can build cross-chain dApps that cover all Bitcoin Layer 2s, allowing for a more integrated and interoperable ecosystem.

  • Interoperable On-Chain Assets, Storage, and Computing:

MAP Protocol provides the infrastructure for interoperable on-chain assets, storage, and computing, moving toward a truly decentralized Web3 future where all aspects of blockchain operations are integrated and interoperable.

Security and Trust
  • Bitcoin Network Security:
    MAP Protocol's security is ensured by the Bitcoin network, which prevents long-range attacks and ensures the integrity of the relay chain.

  • Peer-to-Peer Trust:
    The protocol relies solely on code and light clients for verification, eliminating the need for trusted third parties and maintaining a purely peer-to-peer trust model.

Community and Development
  • Open-Source and Transparent:
    MAP Protocol is open-source and transparent, making it accessible for developers to build and customize their Bitcoin L2 solutions.

  • Developer Portal and Documentation:
    The protocol offers extensive documentation and tutorials, making it easy for developers to learn and integrate different components to create innovative applications.

  • Community Engagement:

MAP Protocol has an active community with regular updates, community calls, and a Discord channel for members to engage, share ideas, and contribute to the project's development.

Overall, MAP Protocol (MAPO) is designed to create a seamless, secure, and decentralized environment for cross-chain interoperability, enabling the construction of complex decentralized applications and fostering a truly interoperable Web3 future.

MAP Protocol
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MAP Protocol's strengths

The token MAP Protocol (MAPO) has several strengths that contribute to its value and utility within the MAP Protocol ecosystem:

  1. Native Cryptocurrency: MAPO is the native cryptocurrency of MAP Protocol, serving as the primary medium of exchange and payment for fees within the network. This ensures that MAPO is integral to the functioning of the protocol and provides a direct incentive for validators and maintainers to participate in the network.

  2. Incentivization: MAPO is used to incentivize validators and maintainers to secure and maintain the network. Validators are rewarded with MAPO for processing and verifying transactions, while maintainers are incentivized to update light clients and ensure the smooth operation of the verification network.

  3. Staking: MAPO can be staked to secure the omnichain network and earn rewards. This staking mechanism allows users to participate in the network's security without needing to run a node, making it more accessible to a broader range of users.

  1. Programmability: As MAP Protocol is programmable, developers can shape MAPO in various ways, enabling a wide range of applications and use cases. This programmability allows MAPO to be integrated into different types of blockchain interactions, enhancing its versatility and potential for growth.

  2. Cross-Chain Interoperability: MAPO is part of a protocol that enables seamless communication and interaction between different blockchains, including EVM and non-EVM chains. This omnichain interoperability expands the potential use cases and liquidity for MAPO, making it a valuable asset in the blockchain ecosystem.

These strengths collectively contribute to the value and utility of MAPO, positioning it as a key component of the MAP Protocol ecosystem.

MAP Protocol's risks

MAP Protocol (MAPO) carries several financial risks, primarily due to its nature as a cryptocurrency. Key risks include:

  1. Volatility: MAPO's value can fluctuate significantly, making it difficult to predict and potentially leading to significant losses for investors.

  2. Staking Risks: Staking MAPO involves locking up tokens, which can be subject to market volatility and potential losses. Additionally, staking requires delegating tokens to validators, which may not always perform optimally, affecting rewards and security.

  3. Market Uncertainty: The cryptocurrency market is highly unpredictable, and MAPO's value can be influenced by various external factors, such as regulatory changes, adoption rates, and global economic conditions.

  1. Security Risks: As a decentralized system, MAP Protocol relies on validators and stakers to maintain its security. If these participants fail to uphold their responsibilities or if the system is compromised, the value of MAPO could be negatively impacted.

  2. Regulatory Risks: Changes in regulatory environments can significantly impact the value and usability of MAPO. If governments or financial institutions impose strict regulations or bans on cryptocurrencies, MAPO's value could decline.

  3. Technical Risks: MAP Protocol's complex technology, including its use of Zero-Knowledge Proofs and light clients, can be vulnerable to technical issues or bugs, which could compromise the security and stability of the network.

  1. Liquidity Risks: MAPO's liquidity can be affected by market conditions, trading volumes, and the availability of buyers and sellers. Low liquidity can make it difficult to buy or sell MAPO, leading to potential losses.

  2. Investment Risks: Investing in MAPO, like any other cryptocurrency, carries inherent risks. Investors should conduct thorough research and consider their own financial situation before investing in MAPO.

It is essential for investors to understand these risks and carefully evaluate their investment decisions in MAP Protocol (MAPO).

MAP Protocol
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Did MAP Protocol raise funds?

MAP Protocol
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MAP Protocol’s team

  • James Cheng (James XYC): Co-founder of MAP Protocol, named 2022 Forbes China Web3.0 Innovation Pioneer.
  • Kevin Du: Employee at MAP Protocol.
  • Kari Heh: Employee at MAP Protocol.
  • Karry Lin: Employee at MAP Protocol.
  • Franklyn Onyeabor: Employee at MAP Protocol.

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