Mina Protocol


Discover Mina Protocol's fundamentals and latest news.

This content was generated by Whalee (BETA), an AI crypto assitant that analyses cryptocurrencies. Informations can be incomplete and/or erroneous. Please always double check and DYOR.

What is Mina Protocol?

Mina Protocol (MINA) is a lightweight, decentralized, and scalable blockchain platform that utilizes zero-knowledge cryptography (zk-SNARKs) to maintain a constant-sized blockchain. This technology allows for efficient verification and validation of transactions without requiring full nodes to store the entire blockchain history, making it accessible and secure for a wide range of users and applications.

How is Mina Protocol used?

Mina Protocol (MINA) is a blockchain network that prioritizes security, accessibility, and decentralization. It uses advanced cryptography and recursive zero-knowledge proofs (zk-SNARKs) to deliver true decentralization at scale. Here's how it works:

  1. Scalability and Decentralization: Mina reduces the amount of data each user needs to download by replacing the blockchain with an easily verifiable, consistent-sized cryptographic proof. This allows nodes to store the small proof instead of the entire chain, making it accessible and scalable.

  2. zk-SNARKs: zk-SNARKs capture the state of the entire blockchain as a lightweight snapshot, which is sent around instead of the chain itself. This snapshot always remains the same size, even when it contains proof of an infinite amount of information.

  3. Proof of Validity: Mina uses a Proof of Validity mechanism to ensure the integrity of transactions. This involves sharing proofs or SNARKs that allow data to be secure and the blockchain to be more efficient.

  1. Staking and Consensus: Mina operates on a Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanism, which incentivizes staking to secure the network. The native MINA cryptocurrency is used to process transactions and reward block producers and snarkers.

  2. Roles in the Network: There are three major roles in the Mina network: verifiers, block producers, and snarkers. Verifiers ensure the correctness of transactions, block producers bundle transactions into blocks, and snarkers create zk-SNARKs to verify the state of the blockchain.

  3. Transaction Process: A transaction is initiated by a user, goes to the mempool, and then snarkers create proofs or SNARKs. A block producer selects the lowest-priced SNARK, incorporates it into a block, and adds the block to the chain, updating the network.

  1. Use Cases: Mina is focused on various use cases, including building a private gateway between the real world and crypto, providing secure and democratic infrastructure, and enabling private access to on-chain services without compromising sensitive personal information.

Overall, Mina Protocol is designed to deliver a lightweight, scalable, and secure blockchain infrastructure that empowers inclusive consensus and decentralized applications.

How do I store Mina Protocol?

To store Mina Protocol (MINA) tokens, you can use various wallets that support MINA. Here are some options:

  1. Ledger Hardware Wallet: Ledger offers a secure hardware wallet specifically designed for Mina Protocol. This wallet stores your private keys offline, making it resistant to malicious attacks. You can connect your Ledger wallet to a compatible third-party wallet like Auro Wallet to manage your MINA tokens securely.

  2. Auro Wallet: Auro Wallet is a popular choice for storing and managing MINA tokens. It is available for Chrome, Firefox, iOS, and Android devices. With Auro Wallet, you can send, receive, and stake your MINA tokens.

  3. Clorio Wallet: Clorio Wallet is another option for desktop users, supporting Windows, MacOS, and Linux. It allows you to store and manage your MINA tokens securely.

  1. MinaPortal: MinaPortal is a MetaMask Snap that supports interactions with zkApps. It can be used to store and manage MINA tokens, but it is primarily designed for zkApp interactions.

  2. Stakingpower Wallet: Stakingpower Wallet is a mobile wallet that supports MINA tokens and allows staking.

Before choosing a wallet, ensure you understand the specific features and requirements of each option.

How to buy Mina Protocol?

To buy Mina Protocol (MINA) tokens, you can follow these steps:

  1. Create an account: Sign up on a cryptocurrency exchange that supports MINA, such as Coinbase, Uphold, or KuCoin. Verify your email address and identity as required.

  2. Add a payment method: Connect a payment method to your exchange account, such as a bank account, debit card, or credit card. Some exchanges also accept wire transfers or other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin.

  3. Deposit funds: Deposit the desired amount of funds into your exchange account using your chosen payment method. This may take a few minutes to process, depending on the method.

  1. Buy MINA: Search for Mina Protocol (MINA) on the exchange and select it. Enter the amount you want to buy in your local currency, and the exchange will automatically convert it to MINA. Review the details and confirm your purchase.

  2. Store or trade: Once you have bought MINA, you can store it securely in your exchange wallet or trade it for other assets like cryptocurrencies, stablecoins, or metals.

Note that some exchanges may have specific requirements or restrictions based on your location, so ensure you comply with their terms and conditions.

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History of Mina Protocol

Mina Protocol, formerly known as Coda Protocol, was founded in 2017 by Evan Shapiro and Izaak Meckler at O(1) Labs. The project aimed to create a minimal, succinct blockchain that leverages cryptographic computing to ensure efficient and secure transactions. It was initially known as Coda Protocol but was renamed to Mina in September 2020 due to a trademark dispute with R3 over the similarity to its Corda blockchain.

In October 2020, Mina Protocol raised $10.9 million in a funding round co-led by Hong Kong-based Bixin Ventures and Singapore-based Three Arrows Capital. The mainnet launch was initially planned for Q4 2020 but was delayed to early 2021 to avoid launching near the holiday season.

On March 23, 2021, Mina launched on mainnet and announced its partnership with CoinList for its token sale. The launch aimed to empower users through its lightweight blockchain, providing direct, permissionless access to cryptocurrency and introducing Snapps (SNARK-powered applications) for enhanced internet privacy and data security.

In March 2022, the Mina Ecosystem raised $92 million to attract world-class developers through grants. This financing was led by FTX Venture and Three Arrows Capital, with the help of several other prominent investors. The funds were intended to support the development of Mina as a leading zero-knowledge platform within Web3.

Throughout its history, Mina Protocol has focused on creating a decentralized, scalable, and secure blockchain that leverages zero-knowledge proofs to ensure privacy and efficiency. Its unique proof system, known as Pickles, creates recursive proofs, and its consensus protocol, Ouroboros Samasika, ensures secure and scalable block production.

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How Mina Protocol works

Mina Protocol (MINA) operates as a smart contract compatible proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain and cryptocurrency. It leverages a set of hybrid Zero-Knowledge proofs, a unique node structure, and technical architecture to keep the blockchain open and accessible to the masses. Zero-Knowledge proofs are a technology that enables a user to prove they have certain information or are a particular person without revealing any of the actual data to the other party.

Zero-Knowledge Proofs

Zero-Knowledge (zk) proofs were introduced by MIT professor and Algorand founder Silvio Micali. The concept works by providing a snapshot of a timeframe on the blockchain. Imagine you have the location of a secret island but need a helicopter pilot's assistance to get there. You want to prove you have the location without revealing it. You show the pilot parts of the map to verify your knowledge, and the pilot agrees to help. Similarly, in cryptocurrencies, users verify random data on the network to prove they can access a particular wallet without revealing the actual data.

Recursive Zero-Knowledge Proofs

Mina Protocol introduces Recursive Zero-Knowledge Proofs, which streamline data transmission further. Instead of turning every transaction and block into a 22-kilobyte snapshot, the network makes an overview snapshot of multiple transactions. This keeps the blockchain light, earning it the title of "the world's lightest blockchain."

Lightweight Blockchain

Mina is designed to deliver true decentralization, scale, and security. It replaces the blockchain with an easily verifiable, consistent-sized cryptographic proof. Participants fully verify the network and transactions using recursive zero knowledge proofs (or zk-SNARKs). Nodes store the small proof instead of the entire chain, making it accessible even as it scales to many users and accumulates years of transaction data.


zk-SNARKs capture the state of the entire blockchain as a lightweight snapshot and send that around instead of the chain itself. Each new block takes a snapshot of itself with the previous state of the blockchain as the background. This snapshot always remains the same size, even though it can contain proof of an infinite amount of information.

Inclusive Consensus

Mina's modified Ouroboros proof-of-stake protocol maximizes inclusivity in consensus. All participants act as full nodes, and anyone can take part in consensus, secure the blockchain, and hold Mina accountable.


Mina offers web app users unprecedented privacy, scalability, and verifiability through zkApps (zero knowledge applications). zkApps are modular, allowing users to prove anything in one application and reuse it in another. They are also Turing complete, offering enhanced privacy, off-chain computation, and composable proofs, all written in a TypeScript-based library.

Community and Development

Mina is an inclusive open source project, uniting people around the world with a passion for decentralized technology. The community is actively contributing to the protocol and building decentralized apps that use SNARKs to verify off-chain data with full verifiability, privacy, and scaling.

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Mina Protocol's strengths

Mina Protocol (MINA) has several strengths that make it a unique and promising blockchain solution:

  1. Scalability: Mina Protocol is designed to be highly scalable, allowing for a high throughput of transactions per second without increasing the size of the blockchain. This is achieved by using recursive zk-SNARKs to compress the blockchain data, making it possible to verify transactions efficiently even on low-resource devices.

  2. Decentralization: By keeping the blockchain at a constant size, Mina enables a broader range of users to participate in network verification, increasing decentralization and reducing reliance on central intermediaries. This allows for equal participation and greater distribution of nodes, enhancing the overall security and resilience of the network.

  3. Security: Mina prioritizes security through the use of zero-knowledge proofs, which ensure the privacy and integrity of transactions while maintaining the ability to validate and verify the blockchain’s history. The decentralized nature of the network, with multiple validators and participants, ensures the resilience and fault tolerance of the system.

  1. Accessibility: The lightweight design of Mina makes it accessible to a wide range of users, including those with low-resource devices such as smartphones. This allows for greater inclusivity and participation in the network, making it more democratic and decentralized.

  2. Privacy: Mina’s use of zero-knowledge proofs ensures that sensitive data remains confidential while still being verifiable, providing a high level of privacy for users.

  3. Ease of Use: Mina’s succinct blockchain and zk-SNARK technology make it easy for users to verify transactions and participate in the network without needing to store or process large amounts of data, reducing the barrier to entry for new users.

Overall, Mina Protocol offers a unique combination of scalability, decentralization, security, accessibility, and privacy, making it an attractive solution for those seeking a more efficient and inclusive blockchain ecosystem.

Mina Protocol's risks

Mina Protocol (MINA) is subject to several risks, including:

  1. Volatility Risk and Liquidity Risk: MINA's value can fluctuate significantly, and liquidity issues may make it difficult to buy or sell the token.

  2. Short History Risk: MINA has a relatively short history, which can make it difficult to assess its long-term performance and stability.

  3. Demand Risk: If demand for MINA decreases, its value may drop.

  1. Forking Risk: Changes to the Mina Protocol or the creation of forks can impact the token's value and functionality.

  2. Code Defects: Technical issues or bugs in the protocol's code can compromise its security and functionality.

  3. Regulatory Risk: Changes in regulatory environments, such as the classification of MINA as a security, can affect its use and value.

  1. Electronic Trading Risk: Technical issues or security breaches in electronic trading platforms can impact MINA's trading and value.

  2. Cyber Security Risk: Hacking or other cyber security threats can compromise the integrity of the Mina Protocol and the value of MINA.

  3. Competitive Risk: The Layer-1 space is highly competitive, and MINA's success depends on its adoption by developers and projects.

  1. Lack of Disclosure: The MINA community and founders are not obligated to disclose material information, which can make it difficult for investors to make informed decisions.

  2. Legal and Regulatory Risks: Changes in laws or regulations can affect the use, transfer, exchange, or value of MINA, and such changes may be sudden and without notice.

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Did Mina Protocol raise funds?

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Mina Protocol’s team

Here is the team behind Mina Protocol (MINA):

  • Kurt Hemecker: CEO of Mina Foundation, previously served as COO.
  • Evan Shapiro: Founder, Chairman of the Board, and Advisor to Mina Foundation, previously served as CEO.
  • Joon Kim: General Counsel (GC) of Mina Foundation.
  • Sherry Lin: Interim Head of Marketing & Community at Mina Foundation.
  • Brian McKenna: VP of Marketing and VP of Community.
  • Thomas Kevers: Head of Product.
  • Christine Y: Head of Delivery.
  • James Strudwick: Team member.
  • Mollie Fehlig: Team member.
  • Claire Arthurs Kart: Team member.

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